800 Ste. Genevieve Dr.
Ste. Genevieve, MO 63670
my health. my home.
Mission Statement/Core Values
Board Members Only
Quality/Awards and Honors
Quality Standards and Goals
Missouri Health Connection
Breast Care Services
Types of Cancer
Learn Your Disease Risk/Risk Factors
Resources for Patients
Research Programs/Clinical Trials
Outpatient Cardiac Stress Testing
Outpatient Heart and Blood Pressure Monitoring
Cardiac Rehab Services
Psychiatry and Counseling
What is Diabetes?
Types of and Risk Factors of Diabetes
Coping with Diabetes
Diabetes Management Educational Series
When it's Time to Visit the ER
Plan of Care/Services (Lifeline)
Home Health FAQ
Health Screenings & Programs
Inpatient Care - Social Services
2023 American Red Cross Blood Drives
Services and Programs
Meet Our Team
Alan P. Lyss Center for Cancer Care and Clinical Research
Bloomsdale Family Health Care
Bloomsdale Walk-in Clinic
Métis Breast Care Center
Ear, Nose & Throat Specialists
Genesis Med Spa
Pine Drive Medical Centre
Pointe Basse Family Health Care
SGCMH Spine and Pain Management
Ste. Genevieve Orthopedics
Sharlow Surgical Care
Ste. Genevieve Urology
Transformations Medical Weight Loss Clinic
Women's Wellness Services
Plaza Family Health Care Walk-In clinic
New Patient Visit Forms
Individualized Tobacco Cessation
Women's Health & Wellness
Women's Wellness Offices
Perinatal Mental Health
Breast Care Services
Hereditary Cancer Risk Assessment and Genetic Testing
Health Care Plan Coverage
Substance Withdrawal Management
Day of Surgery
After Surgery - Going Home
Swingbed - Transitional Care
Weight Management for Kids
Meet Your Care Team
Urology Treatment and Services
Patients & Visitors
SGCMH Statement on Non-Discrimination
Map and Directions
Contact Us Form
Patient Care Testimonials
How to Read Your Hospital and Physician Billing Statement
Pay My Bill
Online Bill Pay
Authorization for Medical Records
Find A Doc
News & Events
Release of Patient Information
Care Connection Newsletter
Care Connection Survey
2022 Back to School Drive Thru Fair
Know before you go
Why Work at SGCMH?
SGCMH Behavioral Standards
Benefits and Compensation
Time off and Work-life Balance
Professional Growth and Education
Health and Wellness Benefits
Financial and Retirement Benefits
Recognition and Celebration
COVID-19 and Flu Policies
SGCMH Friends Foundation
Ways to Give
Friends Foundation Board
Heart disease is used to describe a wide variety of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. One of the most common types of heart disease is a coronary artery disease. This is a condition that can cause reduced blood flow to the heart and can lead to a heart attack. Other heart diseases include abnormal heart rhythms such as
atrial fibrillation or Afib
, heart valve problems, congenital heart defects and heart failure, among others.
Heart failure means that the heart's pumping power is weaker than normal. With heart failure, the heart cannot pump enough oxygen and nutrients to meet the body's needs. The chambers of the heart may respond by stretching to hold more blood to pump through the body or by becoming stiff and thickened. This helps to keep the blood moving, but the heart muscle walls may eventually weaken and become unable to pump as efficiently. As a result, fluid may be retained in the arms, legs, ankles, feet, lungs or other organs.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD) describes a disorder that makes it difficult to empty air out of the lungs. COPD is a term used to describe chronic lung diseases including emphysema and chronic bronchitis. It is primarily caused by cigarette smoke, although air pollutants, environmental factors and genetics also play a role.
Emphysema is a form of chronic lung disease and is one of several diseases known as COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. With emphysema, the linings of the air sacs in the lungs become damaged beyond repair. The changes in the lungs happen very slowly over the years and lead to air trapping in the spaces of the damaged lung tissue. This reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches your blood stream, causing shortness of breath. In the vast majority of people, smoking is the cause of emphysema. Treatment can slow the progression of the disease, but it can’t reverse the damage. Exercise has many benefits with those who have emphysema including decreasing symptoms and improving breathing. Also exercise can improve energy levels, strengthen the heart and help you feel more relaxed.
Chronic bronchitis is a condition that causes inflammation and swelling of the lining of the airways, or bronchial tubes, which leads to less airflow to and from the lungs. In addition, excess mucus production occurs, which results in a productive cough. People with chronic bronchitis have a mucus-producing cough most days of the month that lasts for at least 3 months, two years in a row. After a long period of inflammation, the lining of the airways become thickened, air flow may be hampered, and the lungs become scarred. Cigarette smoking and breathing in fumes and dusts over a long period of time can cause chronic bronchitis. Regular exercise can improve airway function and allow for greater mobility, allowing those with chronic bronchitis to live healthier lives.
Asthma is a common chronic lung disease that affects the airways that carry air to and from your lungs. With this disease, the airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus. Wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and chest tightness are the most common symptoms in asthmatics. The disease is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. For some, asthma is a minor nuisance while for others, it can be life threatening. Fortunately, the knowledge and treatment that is available today is able to help people live normal, active lives. For most people with asthma, exercise can be very beneficial in reducing stress, feeling more energized and even improving asthma control.
Obesity is a significant health problem affecting over one-third of all adults in the United States. It is a medical condition where excess body fat accumulates because of an excess amount of calories that are consumed and are not used, which leads to weight gain. Decreased physical activity and genetic susceptibility increase your risk. Research shows that obesity can have a negative impact on your health, causing increased health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke and some forms of cancer. Fortunately, making improvements in your diet, increasing exercise and changing some of your behaviors can help you lose weight and prevent many of the health problems associated with obesity.
Deconditioning is the change in the body systems brought about by decreased physical activity. The saying, “use it or lose it,” may best describe what is happening when the body becomes deconditioned. When muscles aren’t used, they begin to lose strength which can affect the ability to perform daily activities. Deconditioning can sometimes occur during and after an acute illness or it may occur over an extended period of time. Prevention and treatment of deconditioning is very important, especially in older adults. Regular physical activity, avoidance of a sedentary lifestyle and a healthy diet are key to maintaining muscle mass which can increase quality of life and improve health.
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